Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.
|Published (Last):||15 September 2007|
|PDF File Size:||16.11 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.81 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
AllanblackiaClusiaceae, oil, seed, functional food, saturated fatty acid, stearic acid, oleic acid. Presently the seed is collected only from wild stands or from trees retained on farm land When clearing land for cultivation allanblxckia are left and managed, especially for shading cocoa.
Nigeria is developing infrastructure for international-scale commercial use. Efforts to domesticate Allanblackia floribunda are underway, but at present seed is only collected from wild stands or from trees retained on farm land.
Antihypertensive and antioxidant effects of A. A prenylated xanthone, named allanxanthone A, has been isolated from the bark, as well as 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1,5,6-trihydroxy-3, 7-dimethoxyxanthone. To extract the fat, seeds are dried and crushed; the resulting mass is mixed with water and boiled until the fat separates and floats to the surface, from where it is scooped off. Other Uses An oil obtained from the seeds is used for soap making and in the cosmetics industry[ ].
Allanblackia parviflora also referred to as vegetable tallow tree has been frequently confused with A. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.
Allanblackia floribunda – Wikipedia
A sticky, yellow resin is obtained from the inner bark[ ]. While the quality parameters of the expressed or extracted oil are of particular importance, the toxicological and environmental aspects of seed oil extraction also require consideration.
The compounds isolated showed moderate in-vitro cytotoxicity against the KB cancer cell line. Twigs have been used as candlesticks[ ]. Obovate to orbicular, 20—25 mm long, glabrous. During recent decades, as information about the negative health effects of animal fat consumption has accumulated, higher consumption rates of fats and oils from plants have been documented. The harvesting season is long from January to April and in some places peaks coincide with labour demands on the farm or with the harvest season of other forest products.
The seeds have a substantial value due to the high nutritional value of the oil, as well as its allanvlackia physical properties, which are similar in some ways to those of the oil obtained from the allanglackia kernels of the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis Floribujda.
The fruits are eaten by wild pigs and porcupines, which may distribute the seeds. The grain is fairly straight, texture medium to coarse; the lustre is low.
Allanblackia comprises about 10 species, and is restricted to tropical Africa.
Only traces of other fatty acids are present. Native geographic distributions of a Allanblackia floribunda ; b A.
It grows best in areas where the maximum mean annual temperature ranges from 24 – 33c, whilst the minimum can fall below 10c. The heartwood is pale red or brown; it is usually fairly distinctly demarcated fooribunda the thick, pinkish beige sapwood.
The bark is pounded and rubbed on the body to relieve painful conditions[ ]. This species is used in the local traditional medicine to treat diarrhea, fever, pain, respiratory infections, and toothache. Potential for tree breeding. As in the case of other oils, Allanblackia oil can be combined with other oils or fats to achieve specific physical properties.
In general, tree crop yields can be affected by seasonal climatic changes, as well as environmental factors such as the use of herbicides, fungicides, or pesticides e. Citation in scholarly articles. It florribunda estimated that Nigeria produced about 50 t of allanblackia oil in Lalanblackia extract the seeds, fruits are crushed between the hands and seeds are rubbed clean.
Allanblackia Oil: Phytochemistry and Use as a Functional Food
Fruits are stored under a cover of leaves to allow the fruit pulp to disintegrate. Dark grey to black, smooth or rarely flaking with square scales. Plant material from the Congo has been reported to allanblackkia abundant flavonins in the bark and roots, some tannins, and traces of steroids and terpenes[ ].